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Synthèse et étude d'ADN et d'ARN G-quadruplexes à topologies contrôlées. Applications pour la caractérisation et la sélection de ligands

Abstract : Guanines or cytosines rich nucleic acids can fold into tetrameric G-quadruplexes (G4) or i-motifs structures. G4 motifs are found within the human genome and should contribute to cellular regulation. In particular G4 are found at telomeric region and also in promoters of oncogenes or within viral genomes. They are suspected of participating in the regulation of human pathologies and have therefore been envisioned as potential therapeutic and diagnostic targets. However, the intrinsic conformational polymorphism of G4 motifs complicates the development of specific and affine ligands. In this context, the laboratory has developed the TASQ concept for "Template Assembled Synthetic G-Quadruplex" with the aim to obtain a defined G4 topology.The first chapter reports on the assembly on the peptide template of RNA and DNA:RNA hybrid G4 structures that derive from the human telomeric sequence as well as of DNA G4 structure found within the HIV virus promoter. G-triplex (G3) motif which is supposed to be an intermediate during the formation of the G4 motifs has also been prepared. By using appropriate ligations of the oligonucleotide strands on the peptide template we were able to control the folding of G-quadruplex motifs and stabilize them.The second chapter reports the studies for the characterization and the selection of ligands against G4 and G3 motifs. The evaluation of the affinity and selectivity of different families of ligands for these constrain motifs was performed by using surface plasmon resonance or by bio-layer interferometry. The selection of ligands was carried out by the SELEX method in order to obtain affine and specific aptamers of a constrained G4 motif.
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Laureen Bonnat. Synthèse et étude d'ADN et d'ARN G-quadruplexes à topologies contrôlées. Applications pour la caractérisation et la sélection de ligands. Chimie inorganique. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAV081⟩. ⟨tel-01744347⟩

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