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Sources of vibrations and their impact on the environnement

Abstract : Ground vibration is an increasingly important environmental problem. This study investigates multiple aspects of ground vibration. Local site conditions and the related amplification of seismic waves represent a widely studied topic in seismology and earthquake engineering. While most of the studies are dedicated to engineering seismology and earthquake engineering, similar approaches for soil classification and site amplification have not been yet fully established in the field of urban vibrations.First an improvement strategy for absorbing layer method was developed in order to enhance precision of the FEM models. The design of simple absorbing layers in FEM through the nullification of the real part of reflected waves in the complex number domain proved to be efficient when coupled with the stiffness reduction of the absorbing layer. Excessive reduction of the stiffness along with the excessive increase of the stiffness factor in the attenuation matrix enabled a large reduction in the size of the absorbing layer and therefore the design of an inexpensive absorbing layer.Afterwards an important part of the work was dedicated to the derivation of a new set of parameters of the velocity-gradient type that controls the vibration transfer through multilayered soil. The absence of a well-structured comprehensive approach for prediction and site classification for vibration problems leaves the problem broad and complicated. Different sites with different mechanical and geometrical properties were examined using FEM and their surface response was studied. Sites responses were formulated in simple time domain and spectral approaches. The newly derived proxies along with the spectral laws serve as a classification mean for multilayered soils in the vibration problem and may even be used for design purposes.An artificial intelligence tool for predicting soil response using the previously derived proxies coupled with the geometrical properties of the surface layer was later developed. The neural networks tool was used to analyze the parametric effects of the velocity-gradient proxies versus that of the surface layer’s depth. Important conclusions were derived from the analysis regarding the mechanical and geometrical properties of multiple layers and their varying effects with distance from the source.Finally multiple sources recordings were studied through comparing them with the spectral responses of different sites defined in the previous sections. The rate of matching between the spectral content of a particular source and a given site serves as a mean to assess the vibration hazard caused by this source to the corresponding site. The vibration hazard assessment leads to a classification link between sources in one hand and sites characterized by velocity-gradient proxies on the other hand
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01744297
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Submitted on : Monday, May 21, 2018 - 11:02:06 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01744297, version 1

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Abdul Karim Jamal Eddine. Sources of vibrations and their impact on the environnement. Géotechnique. Université Paris-Est, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1111⟩. ⟨tel-01744297⟩

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