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Experimental platform towards in-fibre atom optics and laser cooling

Abstract : This thesis reports on the design and fabrication of an experimental platform for in-fibre laser cooling of Rb and atom optics. By in-fibre laser cooling, we mean the long term aim of laser cooling thermal Rb atoms of a Photonic MicroCell (PMC), and subsequently developing what would be cold-atom photonic crystal fibre (PCF). The platform was designed to harbor several experiments on cold and thermal atom guidance and in-fibre spectroscopy so to address several open questions related for example to the effect of the core inner-wall surface on the atom energy structure and on selective fibre mode excitation for atom trapping and cooling. The completed platform comprises a specific and large ultra-high vacuum (UHV) chamber and a set of lasers for both atom cooling and atom guiding inside highly tailored hollow-core PCF (HC-PCF). The UHV chamber was designed to accommodate several HC-PCFs and two magneto-optical traps (MOT). The HC-PCF were designed, fabricated and post-processed to exhibit different core diameter, modal content and core inner surface material. For example, the mode field diameters range from ~30 µm to ~80 µm for the fundamental Gaussian-like core mode, and the surface materials include pure silica, a layer of Aluminosilicate or a layer of PDMS so to provide a large parameter space in assessing the effect of surface on the fibre-confined atoms. The system has been constructed and characterized. The cooling/repumping laser was frequency-stabilized, with measured Allan variance deviation of σ(τ)=3.8×10^(-11)/√τ. With the system we generated MOT with both isotopes of the Rb atom, with a cooling temperature as low as 7 µK. The platform is now operational to undertake the first atom guidance and explore the feasibility of atom cooling inside a HC-PCF.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 26, 2018 - 5:43:08 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 7, 2022 - 3:45:19 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01743888, version 1



Muhammad Adnan. Experimental platform towards in-fibre atom optics and laser cooling. Optics / Photonic. Université de Limoges, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LIMO0109⟩. ⟨tel-01743888⟩



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