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Manipulating frequency-entangled photons

Abstract : The founding fathers of quantum mechanics explored the implications of their theory with "gedanken experiments". Continuous improvement of the experimental manipulation of individual quantum systems has opened the way to exciting research, both on blackboards and in laboratories. lt is the basis for quantum information processing : when an information content is associated with transformations and measurements of quantum systems, it offers a new paradigm, full of potentialities, to information theory. One of the promises of quantum information is the realization of a quantum internet: quantum communication links would allow to share quantum states between the nodes of the network.Our work lies in the context of experimental quantum optics in optical fibers at telecommunication wavelengths, in view of quantum communication applications. We demonstrate a new method for manipulating photons entangled in their energy-time degree of freedom, by using standard fiber-optic and optoelectronic components. The photon pairs produced by a parametric down-conversion source are sent through independent electro­optic phase modulators, which act as high-dimensional frequency beam splitters. We then use frequency filters and single-photon detectors to discriminate the frequencies of the photons. Our experimental results include robust, high-visibility and high-dimensional two­photon interference patterns allowing Bell inequality violations. This shows that such a "frequency -bin entanglement" provides an interesting platform for quantum communication.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01743877, version 1

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Laurent Olislager. Manipulating frequency-entangled photons. Optics / Photonic. Université de Franche-Comté; Université libre de Bruxelles (1970-..), 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014BESA2079⟩. ⟨tel-01743877⟩

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