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Synthèse, caractérisation physico-chimique et propriétés de transport des composés homologues (PbSe)5 (Bi2Se3)3m (m = 1, 2, 3)

Abstract : The homologous series of compounds of general chemical formula (PbSe)5(Bi2Se3)3m with m = 1, 2 et 3 is characterized by a lamellar crystal structure where PbSe layers alternate with m Bi2Se3 layers. These compounds, that can be found as minerals, have recently focused attention for thermoelectric applications owing to their remarkable ability to poorly conduct heat. In order to evaluate their thermoelectric performances, the present work dealt with their synthesis by powder metallurgy techniques followed by measurements of their transport properties not only at low temperatures (2 – 300 K) with the aim to identify the basic mechanisms governing the transport but also at high temperatures (300 – 723 K) to determine their optimum temperature range. A detailed study of their crystalline structure has been carried out by a combination of X-ray diffraction on high-quality single crystals and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Measurements of their transport properties have confirmed the potential of these materials for power generation applications at mid temperatures. Numerous substitutions have been studied to optimize further their thermoelectric performances. The elements in substitution have been chosen to either increase (m = 1) or decrease (m= 2 and 3) the electron concentration. This work has demonstrated for the first time the possibility to dope these materials with various elements such as iodine, sodium, silver or tellurium. Moreover, a detailed study of the thermal properties of these compounds has been performed by means of powder inelastic neutron scattering in order to unveil the microscopic origin of the very low lattice thermal conductivity values measured
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Submitted on : Monday, March 26, 2018 - 5:16:06 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01743859, version 1


Selma Sassi. Synthèse, caractérisation physico-chimique et propriétés de transport des composés homologues (PbSe)5 (Bi2Se3)3m (m = 1, 2, 3). Science des matériaux [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0135⟩. ⟨tel-01743859⟩