Interactions of slow multiply charged ions with large, free radiosensitizing metallic nanoparticles

Abstract : This thesis presents a study of the interaction of multiply charged ions with metallic nano-sized particles both in the context of fundamental processes and possible applications as radiosensitizers in nanoparticle-enhanced hadrontherapy. For this purpose a new experimental set-up has been constructed based on a magnetron-discharge cluster source, a deposition chamber for analyzing the size of neutral nanoparticles with AFM and TEM techniques and a time-of-flight mass spectrometer able to detect positively charged particles with masses up to 50 000 amu. Collision studies were performed with Bi clusters of 2nm in diameter, containing 200 atoms, as well as Ag nanoparticles (6 nm, 5000 atoms). In both cases multi-electron capture leads to the formation of multiply charged systems. In the Bi case a large fraction fragments by asymmetric fission emitting small singly charged fragments. In the case of large Ag nanoparticles multiply charged systems are stable. However, small size fragments are formed due to sputtering of the nano-surface in penetrating collisions. Future experiments will be performed with functionalized metal nanoparticles, aiming to count the number of electrons emitted after ion collisions.
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Arkadiusz Mika. Interactions of slow multiply charged ions with large, free radiosensitizing metallic nanoparticles. Physics [physics]. Normandie Université, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMC263⟩. ⟨tel-01743804⟩

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