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Usages et applications du web sémantique en bibliothèques numériques

Abstract : This research work deals with the interdisciplinary field of the information and communication sciences (CIS) and aims to explore the use of the semantic web in digital libraries. The web requires libraries to rethink their organizations, activities, practices and services in order to reposition themselves as reference institutes for the dissemination of knowledge. In this thesis, we wish to understand the contexts of use of the semantic web in French digital libraries. It questions the contributions of the semantic web within these libraries, as well as on the challenges and the obstacles that accompany its implementation. We are also interested in documentary practices and their evolutions following the introduction of the semantic web in digital libraries. The problem is related to the role that information professionals can play in the implementation of the semantic web in digital libraries. After selecting 98 digital libraries following an analysis of three censuses, a questionnaire survey aims to collect data on the use of the semantic web in these libraries. Then, a second interview-based survey consists of highlighting the representations that the information professionals have of the semantic web and its use in the library, as well as on the evolution of their professional practices. The results show that the representation of knowledge within the semantic web requires human intervention to provide the conceptual framework to determine the links between the data. Finally, information professionals can become actors of the semantic web, in the sense that their roles are not limited to the use of the semantic web but also to the development of its standards to ensure better organization of knowledge.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 5, 2018 - 10:38:20 AM
Last modification on : Friday, November 6, 2020 - 4:22:12 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, September 26, 2018 - 3:23:23 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01742957, version 2



Hiba Melhem. Usages et applications du web sémantique en bibliothèques numériques. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAL025⟩. ⟨tel-01742957v2⟩



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