Des soldats de l'armée romaine tardive : les protectores (IIIe-VIe siècles ap. J.-C.)

Abstract : The protectores diuini lateris Augusti, high-ranking soldiers attested in the Roman army from the 3rd c. to the 6th c. AD, have been alternately defined by historians as imperial bodyguards, staff officers, or centurions under a new name. This study, based on a prosopography, aims to resolve the contradictions raised by these interpretations, from a military and social point of view. The evolutions of these soldiers’ recruitment, careers and functions, reflect deep changes in the command structure of the Late Roman army. The analysis also sheds light on the social and cultural background of these privileged soldiers, who were familiar with both the battlefield and the imperial court. By focusing on their privileged relationship with the emperor, who was at the same time general in chief and responsible for the social and symbolic order of the Late Antique world, we can finally understand how the protectores were part, in the eyes of the Romans, of an earthly order of dignities reflecting the celestial hierarchy.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 21, 2018 - 4:38:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01740232, version 1

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Maxime Emion. Des soldats de l'armée romaine tardive : les protectores (IIIe-VIe siècles ap. J.-C.). Histoire. Normandie Université, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMR103⟩. ⟨tel-01740232⟩

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