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Approche ergonomique de l’analyse des risques en radiothérapie : de l’analyse des modes de défaillances à la mise en discussion des modes de réussite

Abstract : This research is in the field of risk management and patient safety. It aims to develop a methodology for exploring the weakening of real work of a medical team and to cope with methodological difficulties encountered by radiotherapy centers when analyzing patients’ risks incurred the therapeutic process with FMEA method. This thesis is a theoretical and empirical contribution about "safety in reflection" in discussion spaces that is distinguished within "safety in action". This work seeks to identify a new link between safety and risk management by giving a predominant place to a methodological step often neglected: the risk identification. Safety of care depending mainly of day-to-day practices of caregivers, it would be for analysts to make the connection a generic risk (eg. overexposure of patients to radiation) and the construction, the spread in the real work of healthcare team. This research proposes to work this link collectively in discussion spaces classically mobilized by the sciences of management to accompany a change or improve the performance of the organization and to adapt them to identify risks in the daily work of a radiotherapy team. The thesis argues that patient safety depends on the production of a new knowledge: 1) on the complexity of the daily work of the healthcare team, 2) on success modes mobilized to reduce it and 3) on weakening conditions of these success modes. In other words, risk analysis will be a data collection about what is really happening in the daily work and what is affecting it. This data collection would seek to improve information held individually in relation to the complexity of the cross-functional collective work, to make visible dimensions that are difficult to access (politic, strategic, organization, context…) and to make links between complexity of work and risks incurred by patients. The aim of "spaces for sharing and exploring the complexity of work" is to improve individual and collective knowledge on the development of risky situations, to share them in the team in order to maximize the real safety. The interaction between ergonomics and risk management contribute to enrich methodological principles and revise theoretical notions.
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Sylvie Thellier. Approche ergonomique de l’analyse des risques en radiothérapie : de l’analyse des modes de défaillances à la mise en discussion des modes de réussite. Psychologie. Conservatoire national des arts et metiers - CNAM, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017CNAM1159⟩. ⟨tel-01740162⟩

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