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Optimization of French Vertical Flow Treatment Wetlands applied to domestic wastewater treatment for different levels of performances

Hernan Ruiz 1, 2
Abstract : Discharge limits are becoming increasingly stringent for small communities and sensitive eutrophication areas. The objective is to established new community obligations by setting environmental quality targets (up to 15 mgNGL.L⁻¹ and 2 mgPtot.L⁻¹) especially to the improvement of wastewater treatment in small communities (<2000 p.e). In France, the use of Treatment Wetlands to treat domestic wastewater from small communities (<2 000 p.e.) has increased exponentially in recent years. The classical Vertical Flow Treatment Wetland (VFTW) enable very good performances removal in terms of TSS, COD and TKN, nevertheless denitrification (TN) and phosphorus removal (Ptot) are limited. The aim of this work was to develop innovative solutions, allowing the reduction of the footprint and the improvement of the classical French VFTW in terms of nitrogen (N) removal. An integrated approach was followed with pilot scale experiments and full scale systems using real wastewater during 26 months. A comparison between results of pilots and full-scale was also carried out.The use of zeolite allowed to improve the performances by the adsorption of NH₄-N, with lower concentrations in summer (15 mg.L⁻¹), using a compact filter (95 cm) with passive aeration pipes. However, fluctuations were observed at low temperatures decreasing the removal performances.Similarly, a configuration based on the combination of unsaturated-saturated conditions for NGL removal was evaluated. The zeolite was used in the unsaturated layer to improve the NH₄-N removal and nitrification. Indeed, it has been observed that the zeolite improves the purifying performance compared to a filter filled only with gravel. The outlet concentrations were 40 and 52 mgNGL.L⁻¹ for zeolite and gravel filters respectively.The use of recirculation in full scale systems has improved removal performances in unsaturated / saturated single stage. However, these are preliminary results as these stations are in the start-up and maturation period, few 24 h samples were available, which makes the comparison difficult.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 20, 2018 - 5:10:08 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 20, 2020 - 11:30:06 AM


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Hernan Ruiz. Optimization of French Vertical Flow Treatment Wetlands applied to domestic wastewater treatment for different levels of performances. Chemical and Process Engineering. Ecole nationale supérieure Mines-Télécom Atlantique, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017IMTA0023⟩. ⟨tel-01738710⟩



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