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La parentalité chez la femme en grossesse et séropositive en PTME à Libreville : approches clinique et anthropologique

Abstract : This thesis seeks to know what is playing psychologically in a pregnant HIV- positive woman after the announcement of her being HIV infected. We start from the fact that pregnancy is a special time during which a woman is open to both physical and psychological changes.The thesis is based on clinical and anthropological approaches. The first quoted approach enables us to highlight psychological processes and mechanisms that the surveyed pregnant HIV- positive women use. The second helps us understand concepts of motherhood and child in Gabon. Furthermore, it allows us to verify the representation by a woman of her unborn baby as is the case in Gabon. The complementarity of the two approaches is an attractive way to understand what a woman plans to cope with HIV and carries on being a mother.The tools we have used for data collection are:• A semi-structured interview based on the CREA questionnaire on the study of maternal representations.• The second is the shouting-and-crying interview by Lester B,• The third and the last one is the drawing of the baby.The data we have obtained from these tools are supplemented by interviews we had with the mediators who follows pregnant HIV-positive women in MCH centres.After obtaining the results, their interpretation and analysis show that a pregnant HIV-positive woman, informed of her HIV status during pregnancy, creates and builds up the "divine grigri child." In her imagination, this child is a gift from God, and cannot thereby be contaminated. The child is also a narcissistic generator to his mother as he restores her. The pregnant HIV-positive woman imagines being her child, and projects with him in a dream for the latter to have a better future, far better than her own. However, the situation is not as simple and easy as these lines can suggest. The pregnant HIV-positive woman is in distress. The material shows an unaccommodating cohabitation of the fetus and the HIV. HIV is parasitical upon the mother’s reverie. It is the latter that the woman seeks to escape by creating the "divine grigri child."
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Annicet Emmanuel Megne Me Ndong. La parentalité chez la femme en grossesse et séropositive en PTME à Libreville : approches clinique et anthropologique. Psychologie. Université de Franche-Comté, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016BESA1026⟩. ⟨tel-01737708⟩

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