Politique d'asile et sophistication du droit : pratiques administratives et défense juridique des migrants en Suisse (1981-2015)

Abstract : This research analyzes the Swiss asylum policy, focusing on the force of the law and on its social production. The study starts from the observation of an increase of the rules regulating asylum and of the sophistication of law. These latter are related to the numerous legislative revisions and to an important judicialization since the enforcement of the Swiss Asylum Act in 1981. This thesis is based on an ethnographic research combining fieldwork in the State Secretariat for Migrations and in legal defense organizations in different Swiss cantons. The author analyzes, on the one hand, the effects of the sophistication of law on the practices of the street-level actors (administration, lawyers and organizations of the legal defense of the asylum seekers) and, on the other hand, the effects of theses practices on law. Finally, the thesis shows that asylum law and policy are produced by the practices of the administration in interaction with those of the legal defense of asylum seekers opposing administrative decisions, and of the Federal Administrative Court judging asylum appeals.
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Jonathan Miaz. Politique d'asile et sophistication du droit : pratiques administratives et défense juridique des migrants en Suisse (1981-2015). Science politique. Université de Strasbourg, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017STRAG010⟩. ⟨tel-01737327⟩

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