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Theses

Corrélats neuroradiologiques des troubles du comportement dans la Maladie d’Alzheimer

Abstract : Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease. AD is characterized by cognitive and functional impairment often associated with Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD). Longitudinal studies of pathophysiological correlations of BPSD are rare and difficult to evaluate due to large heterogeneities in the populations studied. Associated with clinical expertise, neuroimaging provides crucial clues to understand the neuroanatomic correlates of the most disabling BPSD in AD. It seems important to consider in the research, AD with some neurodegenerative and vascular co-pathologies. Indeed, while young patients are the most affected by pure lesions, aging favors the appearance of co-lesions related to AD and Lewy body disease and cerebrovascular diseases.Supported by a bibliographic work on AD and its co-lesions, this work is based on 3 complementary studies. The first concerns a literature review aimed at evaluating neuroradiological correlates of BPSD in AD. Bibliographic search has led to 118 studies evaluating this objective. A global pattern of cerebral cortical brain regions has been proposed to support the strong involvement of the frontal region. Also, methodological strategies have been suggested to help direct future research. The aim of the second study was to evaluate whether the profile of cerebral atrophy could determine the risk of developing BPSD in AD. A volumetric analysis of MRI data was performed to evaluate regional atrophy by including 53 patients with no significant BPSD at baseline and 40 controls. Twenty-four structures in the frontal, temporal, parietal, occipital and subcortical regions as well as in the cerebellum were identified as associated with BPSD. Frontal atrophy appears to be the most significant predictor of BPSD. The third study is in continuity of this work of thesis. It is intended to explore these issues in patients with AD associated with co-lesions
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  • HAL Id : tel-01736328, version 1

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Nawale Boublay. Corrélats neuroradiologiques des troubles du comportement dans la Maladie d’Alzheimer. Neurosciences. Université de Lyon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE1158⟩. ⟨tel-01736328⟩

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