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Sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy of the Jurassic, Jabal Tuwaiq, Central Saudi Arabia

Abstract : They serve as westernmost reference for adjacent prolific reservoirs and source-rock bearing intrashelf basins. Several hierarchical sequences (second to fourth order) have been recognized in outcrops sections (600 km long south of Riyadh) and correlated with gamma-ray logs of subsurface wells (550 km long from Riyadh to Rimthan Arch). The Jurassic platform evolved from very-flat continental-to-nearshore mixed carbonate-siliciclastic platform (Marrat-Dhruma; Toarcian to Middle Callovian) to differentiated ramp with deep intrashelf basins (Tuwaiq-Hanifa; Callovian to Early Kimmeridgian) to a lowstand followed by flat aggraded platform (Jubaila-Arab-D; Kimmeridgian). Tectonic related siliciclastic influx took place in arid condition during the Kimmeridgian (Jubaila Fm.). The Jurassic platform ends with the mixed carbonate-evaporite systems of the Arab Fm. A first second-order tectono-eustatic cycle (Marrat to Tuwaiq) is bounded at the base and top by regional unconformities. It has a stationary depocenter, and show long-term coastal onlap and marine transgression that reached its maximum extent during the upper Tuwaiq (Middle Callovian). The Hanifa Fm. consists of four 3rd-order sequences aggraded flat-toped platform (outcrops to Khurais) marked at the base by argillaceous limestone and top by pure high-energy carbonates with localized reef buildups. The Jubaila Arab-D is two 3rd-order sequences begin with low-stand deposits followed by long-term transgression. These formed flat successions with lateral thickness variations controlled by differential subsidence increased in the Arabian Basin. The transgression is marked by storm-influenced inner-platform with sandstone quartz, grainstones and restricted lime-mudstone. The Maximum marine transgression is placed in the Arab-D with reef buildups in the westernmost inner-platform. During highstand, the reefs are gently prograding out into Rimthan Arch leaving behind restricted lagoon and sabkhah/salina anhydrite.
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Abdullah Al-Mojel. Sedimentology and sequence stratigraphy of the Jurassic, Jabal Tuwaiq, Central Saudi Arabia. Earth Sciences. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017BOR30037⟩. ⟨tel-01736283⟩

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