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Effets thermomécaniques en usinage à sec : une modélisation analytique-numérique

Abstract : In dry machining, the thermomechanical process of chip formation, the tool wear and the surface integrity depend strongly on the tribological conditions along the tool rake face. Besides, the friction conditions at the tool-chip interface and along the round cutting edge are very complex. It should be noted that to understand the friction effects in machining, we have to analyse the inherent relationship among, the cutting conditions (cutting and feed velocities, tool geometry), the workpiece material behaviour, the thermomechanical characteristics of the tool material, the frictional heat partition in the sliding zone and the friction conditions at the tool-chip and tool-workpiece interfaces. Due to the problem complexity, it appears that despite many works on machining, the understanding of the effect of friction conditions requires further investigations. In the present work, to identify the interaction between the thermomechanical phenomena at the tool-chip interface and the material flow in the primary shear zone; an analytical model has been coupled with a finite element approach. For the tool rake face, a new pressure model was developed. The transient nonlinear thermal problem in the workpiece-tool-chip system has been solved by using a FE model based on the Petrov-Galerkin formulation. The coupling between the primary shear zone (PSZ) (chip formation), the secondary shear zone (SSZ) (sticking zone) and the frictional heat at the sliding zone has been taking into account. The model allows to determine in a fast and simple way several significant machining parameters as: (i) the cutting forces, (ii) the temperature distribution in the tool-chip-workpiece system, (iii) the heat flux from the PSZ to the workpiece, (iv) the tool-chip contact length, (v) the frictional heat partition and (vi) the apparent friction coefficient. The proposed model allows to analyze different industrial machining processes such as drilling and milling
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Submitted on : Friday, March 16, 2018 - 4:46:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01736224, version 1

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Yao Venunye Avevor. Effets thermomécaniques en usinage à sec : une modélisation analytique-numérique. Matériaux. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0112⟩. ⟨tel-01736224⟩

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