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Influence de micro-entailles sur le comportement en fatigue à grand nombre de cycles d'un alliage de TA6V : Comparaison avec le fretting-fatigue

Abstract : This study is about the influence of micro-notches on the high cycle fatigue behavior of a Ti64 alloy and the comparison with similar fretting fatigue tests. Preliminary studies showed that fretting-fatigue stress fields can be reproduced by micro-notched. The COGNAC project leaded by Safran Aircraft Engines was built to verify if a unique model can reproduce both fretting-fatigue and notched samples fatigue tests. The scope of this experimental study is limited to the notched samples. In this PHD thesis, the notches are grinded and the results are compared with fretting-fatigue tests on grinded surfaces. V-notched with notch root radius from 50 to 500 μm were chosen to reproduce the stress gradient of fretting-fatigue tests. A geometry with two inclined notches facing each other allows to reproduce shear stress and stress triaxiality from fretting-fatigue tests. Three different experimental studies were performed. First on un-notched specimens with a grinded surface state to produce a reference fatigue limit for grinded surface state without stress concentration. The second study the notch root radius effect on the fatigue limit with samples with one non-inclined notch of 500 μm of depth. The last one is a series of fatigue tests on samples with two inclined notches that reproduce the stress distribution of fretting-fatigue tests. Pseudo-cleavage facets, multi cracks initiations in the notch root and the presence of two propagation stages is similar to the fretting-fatigue tests mechanisms. However, non propagating cracks were not observe at the notch root while many of them were present during the fretting-fatigue test. The initiation sites and the early stages of propagation seem to be controlled by grinded affected areas. Finally, three fatigue criteria were used to try to reproduce the experimental results. The criteria based on the critical distance theory and gradient theory –with a local gradient and an affine effect of the gradient term- can reproduce the fatigue limits of notched samples but fail to predict both notched and un-notched specimen fatigue limits with a unique data set. The third one is a probabilistic criterion which success to predict the experimental fatigue limits not only of notched samples but also smooth ones. The comparisons between the experimental results of the fatigue on the specimens with two inclined notches and the fretting-fatigue shows a difference of 20%. The distribution of the Crossland stress is quite similar. In the future, it would be useful to make a new comparison between fretting-fatigue and fatigue on notches using the probabilistic criterion to design the tests. This new comparison could lead to the proposal of a unique methodology to take into account the fretting-fatigue and the fatigue on stress concentrators.
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Julien Simon. Influence de micro-entailles sur le comportement en fatigue à grand nombre de cycles d'un alliage de TA6V : Comparaison avec le fretting-fatigue. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ESMA0034⟩. ⟨tel-01735766⟩

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