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De l'indigène au soldat : les tirailleurs sénégalais de 1919 à 1940 : approche anthropologique et prosopographique.

Abstract : From 1919 to 1940, The Senegalese Infantry Corps firmly established itself within the colonial army. Crowned by its relative success in World War I, the black army was subsequently considered a permanent army, tasked with fighting worldwide. After July 1919, recruitment relied on a draft lottery with the possibility of substitution.Detailed rules at the time were put in place to offer a means of placing soldiers from West African and Equatorial French colonies in France itself or in the Mediterranean basin. In this way, winter quarters and food supplies were given greater consideration.The African non-commissioned officer corps offered a training experience to further the careers of these men, considering their origins and their abilities as soldiers. Their training and their results on different tests also helped to better understand the expectations of the French Army General Staff and their respective divisions.In the end, the Senegalese Infantry Corps was assumed to be a stronger component of the French army. But in 1940, it became apparent that none of these efforts bore substancial reform and the black army suffered the same setbacks as the regular French army.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 16, 2018 - 9:36:08 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 6:59:44 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, September 11, 2018 - 4:49:01 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-01735529, version 1



Anthony Guyon. De l'indigène au soldat : les tirailleurs sénégalais de 1919 à 1940 : approche anthropologique et prosopographique.. Histoire. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017MON30036⟩. ⟨tel-01735529⟩



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