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Synthèse et fonctionnalisation de nanoparticules d'or à l'aide de molécules phosphorées

Abstract : In the ever growing fields of nanoscience the control of the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) owing to their large variety of applications has emerged as an important domain. Among all methodologies Turkevich-Frens synthesis using citrates that act as ligand and reducing agent remains a method of choice for the obtaining of water soluble GNPs. Nevertheless, in post-synthesis, citrates are often exchanged with other ligands to enhanced stabilization and allow further functionalisation. In our work we present a new class of bi-functional molecules (1-hydroxy-1,1-methylene bisphosphonates HMBP) that can both reduce Au(III) and act as an efficient stabilizer of the formed GNPs in water. The first size controlled GNPs “one pot” synthesis was achieved by using an alkene conjugated HMBP, the (1-hydroxy-1-phosphonopent-4-enyl)phosphonic acid (HMBPene). We moreover, rationalized the mechanism of the GNPs synthesis using this type of molecule. We then, evaluated several methodologies for the post-functionalization of our nanoplateform and developed a « Click » chemistry approach to nanoparticle coating by tetrazine cycloaddition. Other nanoplatforms were synthesized using pegylated hydroxyl methylene bisphosphonates. This new class of bisphosphonate coated GNPs showed an improved stability in biological media and brought reactive groups available for post-functionalization as well, illustrated by the coupling of a fluorescent dye. The last part of this was dedicated to our latest results on GNPs synthesis for biomedical applications with HMBP compounds.
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Romain Aufaure. Synthèse et fonctionnalisation de nanoparticules d'or à l'aide de molécules phosphorées. Matériaux. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016USPCD013⟩. ⟨tel-01735222⟩

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