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Modélisation d’un système de pyrogazéification de la biomasse

Abstract : This work is part of the LORVER project, funded by Grand Est Région and FEDER. It aims to create a non-food biomass production chain by using and upgrading brownfields and industrial by-products in Lorraine. One possible valorization process of the produced biomass is a thermochemical pyro-gasification process that would generate heat and electricity. This process, developed by SEA Marconi, involves three different reactors: a rotating drum, for the pyrolysis of wood particles, the heat required being brought by hot steel balls; an Auger for partial oxidation of the char that allows heating the steel balls; a reactor for tar cracking. The aim of this thesis is to develop models that can predict the behavior of the system. 3D models based on DEM or CFD - DEM were designed for the modeling of phenomena involved in the system. The DEM model parameters were first calibrated in a rotating drum. The DEM simulation was able to predict in a satisfactory manner segregation between steel balls and non-spherical wood particles; it also helped to design a 1D thermal and chemical model, on which a sensitivity study has been done. A CFD - DEM model has been coded and validated on a granular rheometer allowing the simulation of the char oxidation reactor, even if this simulation was not possible during the PhD
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 15, 2018 - 11:25:08 AM
Last modification on : Friday, March 16, 2018 - 1:23:55 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01734929, version 1



Riccardo Maione. Modélisation d’un système de pyrogazéification de la biomasse. Génie des procédés. Université de Lorraine, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LORR0088⟩. ⟨tel-01734929⟩



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