Optimisation de la chaine logistique des déchets non dangereux

Abstract : With more than 345 million tons produced in France in2012, waste supply chain management is an important economical and ecological issue for our society. In this thesis, we focus on optimizing waste supply chain on both the tactical and operational decision levels. In order to optimize an existing waste logistic network in medium term, we first solve a multimodal flow problem where products are transferred and transformed in sites of various size, in a mono-periodic then multi-periodic horizon. At an operational level, we study the planning and routing of vehicles used for voluntary drop-off waste container collection by solving a complex inventory routing problem with intermediate facilities. We use a large neighborhoods search metaheuristic to solve both the deterministic and stochastic approaches, where waste supply quantity is also subject to uncertainty. We obtain competitive results on instances coming from the literature on classical routing problems close to our rich case. We also develop an optimization software used by a French waste management company and significantly improve routes in a real application.
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Quentin Adrien Tonneau. Optimisation de la chaine logistique des déchets non dangereux. Recherche opérationnelle [cs.RO]. Ecole nationale supérieure Mines-Télécom Atlantique, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017IMTA0058⟩. ⟨tel-01729672⟩

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