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Nouveaux matériaux sans plomb à base de bismuth : vers des composés de type (A,A') (B)O₃ et (A,A') (B,B') O₃

Abstract : The present work focused on the research of new lead-free perovskite materials with the formula (A⁺,Bi³⁺)BO₃ and(A⁺,Bi³+)(B,B’)O₃ with A⁺ = {Li⁺, Na⁺, K⁺, Rb⁺}. The aim of this study is to find potential candidates to replace the lead-based perovskite used in the electronic devices nowadays. The possibility to substitute the lead ion par a couple (A⁺,Bi³⁺) has been examined for (i) the simple perovskites PbTiO₃ and PbZrO₃ and (ii) the complex perovskites Pb(Mg⅟₃Nb⅔)O₃ and Pb(Zn⅟₃Nb⅔)O₃.The synthesis of the composition (Li⅟₂Bi⅟₂)TiO₃ (LBT) has led to a pyrochlore Bi₂Ti₂O₇-like compound. The other compositions have conducted to the perovskites compounds (Na⅟₂Bi⅟₂)ZrO₃ (NBZ), (K⅟₂Bi⅟₂)ZrO₃ (KBZ), (Na⅟₂Bi⅟₂)(Mg⅓Nb⅔)O₃ (NBMN),(K⅟₂Bi⅟₂)(Mg⅟₃Nb⅔)O₃ (KBMN) and (K⅟₂Bi⅟₂)(Zn⅟₃Nb⅔)O₃ (KBZN). A lot of work has been carried out for the syntheses, using different precursor or process, in order to suppress the secondary phases which are often obtained with these perovskites. The crystalline structures have been studied by neutron diffraction, using the Rietveld method. These have been determined for the LBT, NBZ, KBZ and KBMN compounds. The electrical properties of these materials have also been studied. None of them is ferroelectric. KBZ is électrostrictif. Finally, NBZ, NBMN and KBMN present some interesting relaxor properties.
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Jerome Lelievre. Nouveaux matériaux sans plomb à base de bismuth : vers des composés de type (A,A') (B)O₃ et (A,A') (B,B') O₃. Matériaux. Université de Limoges, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LIMO0102⟩. ⟨tel-01729013⟩

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