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Développement de membranes pour les capteurs chimiques potentiométriques spécifiques aux ions Thallium et Sodium

Abstract : The aim of this thesis was to study the physicochemical properties of the chalcogenide glasses for possibility to use them as the chemical sensor membranes for the quantitative analysis of TI⁺ and NA⁺ ions. Firstly, the measurements of the macroscopic properties such as the densities and the characteristic temperatures (Tg, Tc, Tf) and their analysis according to the glass compositions were carried out. After that, the transport properties were studied through complex impedance conductivity measurements and from dc conductivity measurements. These experiments have shown the mixed cation effect in three chalcogenide glassy systems with TI/Ag ions and the percolation regime in the NaCl-Ga₂S₃-GeS₂ system. Then the silver ¹⁰⁸mAg and thallium ²⁰⁴TI tracer diffusion measurements were carried out for (TI₂S)ₓ(Ag₂S)₅₀₋ₓ(GeS)₂₅(GeS₂)₂₅ system. The result permit to explain the mixed cation effect. In order to better understand the transport phenomena of the studied systems, the various structural studies have been deployed using Raman spectroscopy, neutron diffraction and high energy X-ray diffraction. Finally, the last part of this work is entirely devoted to the characterization of new chemical sensors for detection of TI⁺ and NA⁺ ions in solution. In the first case, the sensors with different membrane compositions were tested for defining the sensitivity, the detection limit, the selectivity coefficients in the presence of interfering ions, the reproductibility, the pH influence. In addition, the ionic exchange with radioactive isotopes ²⁰⁴TI between the solution and the GeS₂ or Ge₂S₃ based glasses was performed for understanding and explaining the significant differences in the sensitivity and the detection limit presented by the sensors whose membranes have the similar glass compositions. In the second case, the studies shows the existence of sensitivity for NA⁺ ions so the development of sensors for the determination of sodium ions is possible.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01727861
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Submitted on : Friday, March 9, 2018 - 4:10:08 PM
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Alla Paraskiva. Développement de membranes pour les capteurs chimiques potentiométriques spécifiques aux ions Thallium et Sodium. Matériaux. Université du Littoral Côte d'Opale, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017DUNK0466⟩. ⟨tel-01727861⟩

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