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Méthode de simulation appropriée aux systèmes complexes : preuve de concept auto-adaptative et auto-apprenante appliquée aux transferts thermiques

Abstract : As computing power increases, engineers and designers tackle increasingly complex problems using simulation (multiphysics, multiscale, intricated geometries ...). In this context, discretization-based quadratures (FDM, FEM, FVM) show their limit: the need of a great number of sub-domains which induces prohibitive consumption of RAM and CPU power. The Monte Carlo method appears to be more appropriate, but the difficulty to build probabilistic models of complex systems forms a bottleneck. A systemic approach is proposed to alleviate it and is implemented to create a proof-of-concept dedicated to the coupled heat transfer simulation. After a successful validation step against analytical solutions, this tool is applied to illustrative cases (emulating heat transfer in buildings and in solar heating systems) in order to study its simulation capabilities.This approach presents a major beneficial behavior for complex systems simulation: the computation time only depends on the influential parts of the problem. These parts are automatically identified, even in intricate or extensive geometries, which makes the simulation self-adaptive. In addition, the computational performance and the system scale ratio are completely uncorrelated. Consequently, this approach shows an exceptional capacity to tackle multiphysics and multiscale problems. Each temperature is estimated using exploration paths. By statistically analyzing these paths during the process, the tool is able to generate a reduced predictive model of this physical quantity, which is bringing a self-learning capacity to the simulation. Its use can significantly improve optimization and control of processes, or simplify inverse measurements. Furthermore, based on this model, an uncertainty propagation analysis has been performed. It quantifies the effect of uncertainties affecting boundary conditions on the temperature. Finally a Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) process, based on simulations done by the framework, is successfully carried out.
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Christophe Spiesser. Méthode de simulation appropriée aux systèmes complexes : preuve de concept auto-adaptative et auto-apprenante appliquée aux transferts thermiques. Modélisation et simulation. Ecole des Mines d'Albi-Carmaux, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017EMAC0005⟩. ⟨tel-01725768⟩

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