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Le concept d'imitation en droit pénal : approche de synthèse du juridique au philosophique

Abstract : If the concept of imitation is not strictly speaking a legal notion, criminal law does not ignore it. Imitation is regulated in a restrictive manner and conceived only as the copy of a thing, and does not have a clear and precise definition. This term also refers to the reproduction of the pace, behavior, movement or sound of someone or of an animal. Thus imitation refers both to the behavior itself and to its result. Moreover, imitation results of a more complex process called social mimesis. Exploring the different contributions of the classical, human and social sciences, this study proposes a multidisciplinary definition of this concept –– to build a legal definition. This work allowed us to theorize the concept of imitation, in its behavioral slope, in criminal law. This study aims to demonstrate that the concept of imitation can be the result of a unilateral will or a plurilateral one. In the first case, behavioral imitation is constitutive of offenses. In the second case, seen as the expression of an social mimesis, it determines the sanction of offenses committed by a plurality or a multitude of individuals. Thereby, the concept of imitation extends the field of reflection on the criminal responsibility of individuals engaged in certain forms of crime.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 6, 2018 - 4:56:07 PM
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Yoanna Sifakis. Le concept d'imitation en droit pénal : approche de synthèse du juridique au philosophique. Droit. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0764⟩. ⟨tel-01724692⟩

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