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Nanoparticules dans les fibres optiques en silice dopées aux ions luminescents et leur évolution au cours de l’étirage

Abstract : The development of new silica-based optical fibers is relies on the insertion of luminescent ions (rare-earth ions) in dielectric nanoparticles. In this context, particle size is a key parameter that should be controlled in order to benefit from the new properties. To reach this goal, the objective of this thesis was twofold. Firstly, it was important to understand, to engineer its structuration, the evolution of the characteristics of the material during its fabrication process, and secondly, the evolution of the spectroscopic properties with the characteristics of the material. The first part of this manuscript describes the different types of evolution of the nanoparticles that were observed during this thesis work. The chemical reaction of nanoparticles with the silica matrix is discussed in the study of LaF3-nanoparticles doping. Also, an original observation of the elongation and the break-up of particles during the fiber drawing are presented. The thermodynamic evolution of the particles during the fabrication process as well as the influence of its parameters are discussed. Finally, the second part of this manuscript focuses on the link between the material and its spectroscopic properties (Tm3+, Er3+). In particular, the addition of lanthanum in the Tm3+-doped fibers increased the optical losses, but also enabled the increase of the lifetime of the 3H4 level up to a record in silica of 58 μs (optical losses below 0,1 dB.m−1). These results highlight the need for a compromise on particle size and the importance of this work on structuring possibilities.
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Manuel Vermillac. Nanoparticules dans les fibres optiques en silice dopées aux ions luminescents et leur évolution au cours de l’étirage. Autre [cond-mat.other]. Université Côte d'Azur, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017AZUR4098⟩. ⟨tel-01724414⟩

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