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Inventivité habitante et ingénierie territoriale : l’habitabilité à l’épreuve d’une enquête réalisée en bureau d'étude

Abstract : This Phd work analyses inhabitant inventiveness question within a planning consultant office. The inhabitant inventiveness can be defined as inhabitants practices diverting socio-spatial norms,. They are incremental and fragmented modifications which participate in the habitability process. This thesis has for distinctive characteristic to develop a dialogue between the action’s world in a design office in town planning and territorial sciences. The thesis problem underlines the stakes of such a dialogue. It questions the way territorial engineering could have the capacity to improve habitability thanks to inhabitant inventiveness.The author’s work is based on theoretical, pragmatic and interactionist theories about dwelling and spatial pressure. He defines inhabitant inventiveness from a critic of Michel De Certeau’s work, especially L’invention du quotidien, from the notion of DIY elaborate by Claude Lévi-Strauss, and mètis of the Hellenists Détienne and Vernant. From the field studies of the design office he worked for, the author looked, observed and analyzed the inhabitants inventiveness. The field studies profusion (Communauté de Communes de Miribel et du Plateau, Aurillac, le département du Gard, etc.) lead to observing a diversity of inventiveness practices. After a quantitative analysis, the author generated a model of inhabitant inventiveness : inhabitants form a group to fill a void, a “lack of”, at street level, where neither internet nor public action has no role Actions take place within the scope of collaborative economy, for one year or one half-day. This inventiveness diverts socio-spatial norms.From an in-depth analysis of inhabitant inventiveness, the author worked on the relationship between habitability and territory engineering. He claims that inhabitant inventiveness improves habitability. Local public actions were analysed to identify how spatial and territorial engineering and planning could create or restrain possibilities. Finally, the author creates a controversy in the last chapter, where he proposes methods for territorial engineering of habitability.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, March 6, 2018 - 12:06:10 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 25, 2020 - 7:06:30 AM


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Adrien Balocco. Inventivité habitante et ingénierie territoriale : l’habitabilité à l’épreuve d’une enquête réalisée en bureau d'étude. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAH022⟩. ⟨tel-01724256⟩



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