Effect of the Environment on the Fatigue Behaviour of Textile Organic Matrix Composite Materials for Aircraft Applications

Abstract : In the next future, the employment of organic matrix/carbon fibre composites (OMC) is foreseen for the realization of “hot” structures: these parts may be subjected, in service, to mechanical fatigue (e.g. fan blades turbo-engines), thermal cycling and thermo-mechanical fatigue (e.g. aircraft structural parts). Though there is a consistent literature concerning the fatigue behaviour of woven composites, the interaction between fatigue and environmental degradation at high temperature has been poorly explored. Coupling between thermo-oxidation effects, mechanical (viscoelastic, viscoplastic) behaviour of the polymer matrix at high temperatures and degradation due to fatigue may be highly detrimental for the material. This work aims at characterizing and modelling - for carbon fibre/organic matrix (polyimide) textile composites – the thermomechanical behaviour, the onset and the development of damage related to cyclic mechanical mechanisms (fatigue) under controlled (temperature and gas) environment.A preliminary study on a cross-ply laminate [02/902]s has been carried out in order to analyse the environmental effect on a model sample. Digital Image Correlation (DIC) and μ-Computed Tomography (μCT) have been used to monitor and characterize the fatigue damage of 2D woven composites for aeronautical applications. The environmental effect on fatigue degradation have been also explored.The long-term aim of the study is to provide experimental and numerical tools to strengthen the understanding and the modelling of mechanics/damage/environment coupling for durability prediction.
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Federico Foti. Effect of the Environment on the Fatigue Behaviour of Textile Organic Matrix Composite Materials for Aircraft Applications. Other. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017ESMA0031⟩. ⟨tel-01724103⟩

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