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Wetting, Adhesion and friction investigations of hetero-chemical smooth patterned surfaces

Abstract : Micro and Nanoscale surface patterns are considered as potential templates and building blocks for Micro/nanotechnology. As for materials in general, these micro /nano-scale surface structures have been of increasing research interest in recent years, due to their unique properties. They are expected to exhibit novel and significantly improved physical, chemical, mechanical and other properties, as well as to offer opportunities for manifestation of new phenomena and processes. In the present PhD work, we propose a multiple scale analysis of the adhesion, friction and wetting behaviors for different patterned interfaces. In a first chapter, we developed a general methodology to design well-defined surfaces combining micro-contact printing (µCP), self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) and polymer grafting techniques. Then we study the wettability of a patterned solid surface. Where, the stick-slip regime, and the effect of the patterning at the mesoscale was investigated. Furthermore, we concentrate on the dependence of adhesion and friction between a polymer and a rigid tip on the composition of the patterned substrates using a JKR, FFM and friction machines. Intriguingly, the uses of these approaches did not provide us with a clear answer to our bewilderment. Therefore, in the third chapter, we adopted the approach of the dewetting of thin polymer film on top of patterned surfaces. We study the impact of the solid/liquid boundary condition on the evolution of the rim instability during the course of dewetting. The last chapter details the investigation of the predominant aspect between the chemistry introduced on the surface and the mechanical proprieties of the substrate
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Imed Eddine Ben Ali. Wetting, Adhesion and friction investigations of hetero-chemical smooth patterned surfaces. Material chemistry. Université de Lyon, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017LYSE1250⟩. ⟨tel-01723791⟩

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