L’aménagement durable, un enjeu pour la santé publique : la position de la France dans le monde

Xin Shen 1
1 ACS - Architecture, Culture, Société XIXe-XXIe s
UMR AUSser - Architecture Urbanisme Société : Savoir Enseignement Recherche
Abstract : When we think about health, the first topic coming to mind is medical professionals, hospitals and clinics that treat the disease. We do not bind up urban planners together with public health concerns. But what if the planners are invited to contribute to preventive medicine? How to adopt urban plan strategies that lead to healthier lifestyles ? Since the combined actions of public health and urban planning fought against epidemics and improved living conditions in crowded cities of the late 19th century, the two disciplines have been both separated from each other. If medical profession and urban planners share similar tenets and strive towards the same goals, their methodological approaches are different. However, decades later, the two disciplines have to be reunited to address new epidemics such as chronic diseases (asthma, allergies), as well as cancers, cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases, diabetes and obesity, which seem related to pollution (air, water, soil) and physical inactivity. If sustainable development has focused on preserving the environment, it has neglected the challenges facing underprivileged population. The territorial inequality worsens in terms of public health. The growing trend of certification and standardization in sustainable development can be seen as an opportunity to promote public health resilience. Should collaborations between public health professionals and planners encourage the approximation of their strategies
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Xin Shen. L’aménagement durable, un enjeu pour la santé publique : la position de la France dans le monde. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris-Est, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PESC1039⟩. ⟨tel-01722983⟩

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