Robust microvibration control and worst-case analysis for high pointing stability space missions

Abstract : Next generation satellite missions will have to meet extremely challenging pointing stability requirements. Even low levels of vibration can introduce enough jitter in the optical elements to cause a significant reduction in image quality. The success of these projects is therefore constrained by the ability of on-board vibration isolation and optical control techniques to keep stable the structural elements of the spacecraft in the presence of external and internal disturbances.In this context, the research work presented in this thesis combines the expertise of the European Space Agency (ESA), the industry (Airbus Defence and Space) and the IMS laboratory (laboratoire de l’Intégration du Matériau au Système) with the aim of developing new generation of robust microvibration isolation systems for future space observation missions. More precisely, the thesis presents the development of an Integrated Modeling, Control and Analysis framework in which to conduct advanced studies related to reaction wheel microvibration mitigation.The thesis builds upon the previous research conducted by Airbus Defence and Space and ESA on the use of mixed active/passive microvibration mitigation techniques and provides a complete methodology for the uncertainty modeling, robust control system design and worst-case analysis of such systems for a typical satellite observation mission. It is shown how disturbances produced by mechanical spinning devices such as reaction wheels can be significantly attenuated in order to improve the pointing stability of the spacecraft even in the presence of model uncertainty and other nonlinear phenomenon.Finally, the work introduces a new disturbance model for the multi harmonic perturbation spectrum produced by spinning reaction wheels that is suitable for both controller synthesis and worst-case analysis using modern robust control tools. This model is exploited to provide new ways of simulating the image distortions induced by such disturbances.
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Valentin Preda. Robust microvibration control and worst-case analysis for high pointing stability space missions. Other. Université de Bordeaux, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017BORD0785⟩. ⟨tel-01722860⟩

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