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Comportement local des enrobés recyclés : apport des mesures de champs cinématiques

Abstract : Asphalt mixtures are complex composite materials constituted of several phases, namely aggregates, bituminous binder and voids. The assembly of these phases defines a highly complex microstructure, which drives the macroscopic response of asphalt mixtures. Classically, both the mechanical and the thermal responses of asphalt materials are characterized by using experiments at the scale of the mixture assuming that the material is homogeneous. At the scale of their constituents, these materials require a measurement technique featuring simultaneously both a good spatial resolution and a good strain resolution. To date, there are only few experimental studies available in the literature that describe the thermal and mechanical behavior of bituminous mixes at the scale of the constituent. The aim of this work is, on the one hand, to evaluate the possibilities of using the grid method (GM) for the analysis of the thermo-mechanical properties of asphalt mixtures and, on the other hand, to characterize the effect of the recycled asphalt pavement (RAP) inclusion on the local behavior of these materials. Full-field measurements provided by GM allow to study the response of these materials at scales ranging from the component to the mixture itself. These results enable us to validate an innovative experimental approach for the analysis of asphalts. It gives access to reliable and rich information at the scale of the microstructure. Some aspects related to the impact of RAP on the local behavior of asphalt were also provided.
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Mohamed Cheikh Teguedi. Comportement local des enrobés recyclés : apport des mesures de champs cinématiques. Génie civil. Université Clermont Auvergne, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017CLFAC032⟩. ⟨tel-01721345⟩

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