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Étude de l’influence de modifications structurales sur la neuroglobine humaine

Abstract : The physiological function of Human Neuroglobin (Ngb), discovered in 2000, is still unknown. Compared to other classical globins Haemoglobin and Myoglobin, Ngb has some structural specificities. Its haem, which is its reactive centre, is hexacoordinated by distal histidine 64 and exists under two isomer forms A and B. Moreover, Ngb possesses an intramolecular disulfide bridge between two cysteines 46 and 55.The relationship between its structural characteristics and its functions in vivo does not remain well-understood. The goal of this thesis was to underline the impact of some structural features on the Ngb properties and reactivity in vitro. Thus Ngb variants H64V, F106L, A90P and C46G were produced. Experimental studies were performed by UV-Visible spectrophotometry, circular dichroism and NMR. Variants were characterized : their stability as a function of pH were tested and their reactivity trough the CN binding reaction were evaluated.We have shown that the Ngb structure was strongly dependant on the presence of the distal histidine, the disulfide bridge and the haem environment. The first and unique determination of variants’ molar absorption coefficients underlined the influence of the haem vicinity and disulfide bridge on the electronic haem environment. We have brought some evidence that the disulfide bridge and the mutated amino acids have an impact on the isomer A Ngb ability to bind the cyanide whereas isomer B is poorly affected by those two parameters. This phenomenon raises the issue of the existence and function of the two isomer forms in vivo.
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Submitted on : Friday, March 2, 2018 - 1:04:53 AM
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Éric André. Étude de l’influence de modifications structurales sur la neuroglobine humaine. Chimie analytique. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLS145⟩. ⟨tel-01721321⟩

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