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Elaboration de matériaux micro-nanostructurés à morphologies contrôlées, à base de tungstates, pour la photo-dégradation

Abstract : In the framework of the development of new technologies for environmental protection, andmore specially for the depollution of water or air, this work deals with the implementation ofsemiconductor materials with controlled morphologies, likely photocatalytic activities andtheir enabling the degradation or transformation of organic molecules in aqueous media.Several types of syntheses leading to diversified morphologies have been implemented. Eachmaterial was characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electronmicroscopies, and Raman spectroscopy. Diffuse reflectance was used to determine the bandgap of the materials. Given the properties already known for MWO4 tungstates, we chosethree materials: WO3 trioxide, SrWO4 tungstate and a new tungstate NaCe(WO4)2 orNa0.5Ce0.5WO4. The oxide WO3 was chosen as the reference material. For this material, twotypes of morphologies were obtained: nanoplates and nanospheres. The tungstate SrWO4 withscheelite structure was synthesized in two microstructural forms: spindles and spheres. A newmaterial was synthesized and characterized: double tungstate of Na0.5Ce0.5WO4 with scheelitestructure. For this new phase, three hierarchical 3D morphologies were developed using thehydrothermal method in the presence of EDTA. For each observed morphology, agermination-growth mechanism is proposed. The photocatalytic performances of the differentmorphological forms were evaluated during the degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) andmethylene blue (MB), under UV and visible radiation. The photocatalytic efficiency of thedifferent microstructures was studied as a function of the pH of the reaction medium. Fromthe results obtained, we have been able to show the strong correlation between band gap andphotocatalytic reactivity, but also between morphologies, sizes and photocatalytic properties.It has been shown that the degradation is based on two complementary mechanisms: theadsorption of molecules due to the porosity of the microstructures and their morphology, andthe photocatalytic reaction due to the active radicals generated by the photogenerated e-/ h+pairs. Thus, RhB decomposes in the presence of SrWO4 and WO3 under UV-C (254 nm) andUV-Vis (365 nm) respectively. Methylene blue degrades in the presence of NaCe(WO4)2under UV-Vis solar radiation.
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Nadine Dirany. Elaboration de matériaux micro-nanostructurés à morphologies contrôlées, à base de tungstates, pour la photo-dégradation. Autre [q-bio.OT]. Université de Toulon, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOUL0001⟩. ⟨tel-01721320⟩

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