Pôles de compétitivité, transferts de connaissances et dynamiques territoriales : une analyse du pôle Systematic Paris-Région

Abstract : The competitiveness clusters (“pôles de compétitivité”), labeled in 2005 by the French government, aredesigned to support collaborative research and development (R&D) projects. Their originality is that theylead multiple organizations (companies, universities, research laboratories, etc.) geographically close toeach other to cooperate in order to generate innovations. Is geographical proximity a necessary condition forthe proper coordination of innovation activities in competitiveness clusters? This thesis aims to deepen theunderstanding of collaborative dynamics in R&D projects, in particular by focusing on non-spatial forms ofproximity (institutional, organizational, cognitive and social). Our field of inquiry is the competitiveness clusterSystematic Paris-Region over the period 2005-2015. We propose to analyze the territorial dynamics of thecluster, based on the study of the spatial evolution of cooperations, as well as the evolution of the positioningof organizations in collaborative R&D networks. These studies represent the construction and analysis ofmore than four million data. They involve the concepts and methods of networks theory, as well as principalcomponent analysis (PCA). In addition, 57 interviews with scientific and technical managers and 3 interviewswith employees of the competitiveness cluster enabled us to clarify the dynamics of proximity at work in thecollaborative projects of Systematic Paris-Region cluster.
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Yohann Rochefeuille. Pôles de compétitivité, transferts de connaissances et dynamiques territoriales : une analyse du pôle Systematic Paris-Région. Economies et finances. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCA052⟩. ⟨tel-01719516⟩

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