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Impact de la littérature indigène au Brésil : une redéfinition des théories euro-occidentales

Abstract : As Karl Marx summarized, the colonized "cannot represent themselves; they must berepresented.” The Natives of Brazil have always held a special place in Brazilianliterature. Since the 80s, they have become the subject of their works.From Metade Cara, Metade Máscara Eliane Potiguara (2004); Falling from the sky.Words of a Yanomami shaman co-written by the shaman Davi Kopenawa andanthropologist Bruce Albert (2010) and Geografia indígena jointly by teachers intraining from Parque Indígena do Xingu (1995), we address the issue of indigenous and Brazilian identity, questioning the legitimacy and the validity of the description "indigenous literature". From these diverse publications emerge enlightening reflections on the notion of identity, notably when crossed with the challenge of authorship. The adoption of alphabetic writing by the Natives of Brazil allows the appropriation of a portrait subject to scrutiny from others, thus a return to Western and Brazilian writings.Moreover, indigenous literature brings a different view of history dealt with from a perspective of "Western super subjects" (Saïd, 2000). Drawing upon post-colonialtheories, we show that Native literature is revolutionary because it offers an eccentric viewing angle (Bhabha, 1994) extending the European concept of historiography (Mignolo, 2003) based on the multiplicity of the voices of the various (Glissant, 1981) in particular based on orality.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 28, 2018 - 9:25:08 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 21, 2019 - 3:46:33 PM


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Héloïse Behr. Impact de la littérature indigène au Brésil : une redéfinition des théories euro-occidentales. Littératures. Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017USPCA009⟩. ⟨tel-01719219⟩



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