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Theses

Nouvelles territorialités urbaines transfrontalières en Afrique de l’Ouest : processus d’émergence et de construction

Abstract : The borders are becoming the subject of recent attentions in the world. In Europe the issue of openness and integration seemed completely solved with Schengen agreement. But, migrant crisis recalled the need of borders controls. In West Africa, integration is building. The problem of migration reminds how border, a geographic, political and institutional subject, can divide or connect spaces. This thesis studied the dynamics that transcend the borders and that participate in cross-border territorial creation. It has proven that towns and borders become more relevant in geography and spatial planning to understand cross-border territorial systems. The socio-cultural relationship, informal cooperation between local actors, the cross-border trade and the daily cross-border migration are the fundamentals of this transboundary system. Border towns are carriers of this dynamic by creating nodes of networks and by interconnecting spaces. They emit, receive and make transit cross-border flows. Local cross-border cooperation’s initiatives observed in West Africa are based on these elements. So, these cross-borders cooperations constitute a form of bottom up territorialisation. The thesis also shows that institutional policies (regional integration, decentralization, national border policies) have mixed responses on strengthening borders processes. However, security issues reinforce the situation in some border areas becoming fully refuge spaces.
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Edmond Sougué. Nouvelles territorialités urbaines transfrontalières en Afrique de l’Ouest : processus d’émergence et de construction. Géographie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016TOU20050⟩. ⟨tel-01718588⟩

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