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Stratégies innovantes pour le radiomarquage de macro-biomolécules au fluor-18 pour des applications en imagerie moléculaire in vivo

Abstract : Fluorine-18 radiolabeling of biologics is a challenge in radiochemistry due to their increasing interest in molecular imaging. Biologics, and particularly peptides, offer molecular diversity and often higher specific and selective in vivo targeting compared to low molecular weight molecules. However, fluorine-18-radiolabeling standard conditions could not be used directly because biologics would suffer from these drastic conditions. Only a few direct radiolabeling methods are available and present some drawbacks (high temperature, low molar activity, lack of versatility…). Therefore, a two-steps prosthetic radiolabeling approach remains the method of choice. This sequential strategy involves the preparation of a fluorine-18-labeled molecule, called prosthetic group, which is then conjugated with the macromolecule in biocompatible chemical conditions. The aim of this PhD work was to develop new general methods for the radiolabeling of biologics directed toward in vivo radiolabeling applications. Major issues were time and radiosynthesis processes with regard to the fluorine-18 half life, automatization as well as constant rate and bioorthogonality of conjugation reactions for applications in complex and diluted environment.The first part is devoted to the study of three click chemistry reactions, CuAAC, SPAAC and SPSAC leading to enhanced reaction rates and biocompatibility. Specific prosthetic groups were developed for each reaction and their conjugation was studied with model compounds. Furthermore, a methodological study involving the radiofluorination of substituted pyridines was initiated for the production of entities for mild radiolabeling conditions compatible with a “pre-conjugation” to the biologics before radiofluorination. Finally, an enzymatic labeling approach using the SNAP-tag self-labeling enzyme was explored and a specific radiofluorinated substrate was synthesized. These different approaches allowed an extent of the panel of methods for effective and biocompatible radiolabeling of biologics.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 26, 2018 - 6:48:05 PM
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Mélanie Roche. Stratégies innovantes pour le radiomarquage de macro-biomolécules au fluor-18 pour des applications en imagerie moléculaire in vivo. Chimie organique. Université Paris-Saclay, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS031⟩. ⟨tel-01717859⟩

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