Carbon dynamics and trophic relationships in a human impacted and mangrove dominated tropical estuary (Can Gio, Vietnam)

Abstract : Mangrove estuaries are highly dynamic environments importing carbon originating from both the watershed and the coastal ocean to the adjacent floodplain, and exporting to the ocean a fraction of that photosynthesised by the surrounding vegetation. Mangroves are very productive ecosystems. Thus, they serve as a nursery for a wide variety of coastal species entering the ecosystem during flood, and exporting during ebb the carbon they consumed. However, the quantities and the quality of carbon exchanged within the estuary, along with the transformations occurring during the water transit, are still not fully understood. This work aims to examine the carbon cycle in the main estuarine channel of the Can Gio mangrove, located in southern Vietnam, along with macroscopic species connecting the mangrove ecosystem to the coastal ocean through their movements; this, in order to better understand the carbon budget of the Can Gio mangrove, and at a broader scale, of tropical mangroves. Results presented in this manuscript are originating from 3 sampling campaigns; the first performed during the dry season, along the main estuarine channel only; the second achieved during the wet season, along both the main estuarine channel and a mangrove tidal creek; and the last in order to simulate in controlled conditions the fate of shrimp pond effluents once released in the estuary. Water column parameters were surveyed at different sites located on the mangrove waterways, each during a complete tidal cycle (24 h), and various macroscopic species were sampled from both the intertidal zone and the water column. This study examines concomitantly mineral forms of carbon, particularly CO2, which plays a major role in climate mitigation; its organic forms, especially fatty acids, used as biomarkers in trophic webs studies and implied in diverse metabolic functions; and specificities of the microbial compartment, contributing to the cycling of this carbon.
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Frank David. Carbon dynamics and trophic relationships in a human impacted and mangrove dominated tropical estuary (Can Gio, Vietnam). Biodiversity and Ecology. Museum national d'histoire naturelle - MNHN PARIS, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017MNHN0005⟩. ⟨tel-01717691⟩

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