Histoires du livre, visions du sauvage : des manuscrits du Moyen âge aux premiers imprimés du XVIe siècle, le loup à l’épreuve de l’écriture

Abstract : In the course of middle ages, the Christian Western Europe became forever a civilization based on literacy, as we can see through the output of such amazing illuminated manuscripts during these ten centuries. From insular manuscripts from the early Ninth century and books of hunting from the Fourteenth to Bestiaries from Twelfth and Thirteenth’s, such a flourishing literature gave animals, wild animals and particularly the wolf, an important position. While the Christian Europe started to consider books as essential and holy, wolves and wildness inspired at the same time numeral extensive representations as we can see them in writings. Related to so many wolfy figures, the wolf seems to be a catalyst of both ideas of wildness and questions about the growth of literacy. From Isidore of Seville's Etymologiae to The Tragics by Agrippa d’Aubigné, this work aims to a better understanding of relationships between wolf and wildness and the history of literature, books and knowledge passing down. From wolf and wildness medieval representations, a writing way for and by wildness emerge in medieval literature. But such a writing way seems to be problematic after the revolutionary invention of printing press. While Renaissance repudiated medieval heritages and suffered a lot of upheavals, such a writing way could not continue. Instead of following wolves’ tracks, which then symbolized something like a “medieval wildness” authors began to write differently about wildness after the end of the middle ages: after the discovering of a new wilderness in America, they tried to create new visions liberated from medieval memories. From alchemic books to travel stories, from proverbs to eddic poems, from hagiographic literature to werewolves’ tales, wolves take us to an abundant literature which helps readers to wonder about human nature and its much identity, in a system of mowing and metamorphoses, like so many Baroque arabesques.
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Loren Gonzalez. Histoires du livre, visions du sauvage : des manuscrits du Moyen âge aux premiers imprimés du XVIe siècle, le loup à l’épreuve de l’écriture. Littératures. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016TOU20049⟩. ⟨tel-01717406⟩

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