Influence de la corrosion du fer sur les processus d’altération du verre : approche analytique multi-échelle

Charly Carrière 1
1 LAPA - UMR 3685 - Laboratoire Archéomatériaux et Prévision de l'Altération
NIMBE UMR 3685 - Nanosciences et Innovation pour les Matériaux, la Biomédecine et l'Energie (ex SIS2M)
Abstract : Management of waste generated by the nuclear industry is a major challenge for our societies. In France, the French national radioactive waste management agency (Andra) is responsible for the implementation of the Cigéo project, an industrial geological storage center planning to use deep storage in clay medium for high level and intermediate-level long lived waste. Glass has been chosen in this project as a containment matrix for high-level radioactive waste. Understanding the long-term expected evolution of the waste package's behavior is critical for safety purposes.In order to identify the alteration mechanisms of the glass in the presence of iron from the storage container, different glass/iron/argillite systems have been altered under conditions close to those in the probable geological storage site. A coupling of post-mortem characterization techniques from the micrometric to nanometric scale allowed to characterize the systems and to identify the iron silicates formed in the glass alteration layer of the SON68 glass and in the iron corrosion products. At 50°C dioctahedral smectites of FeIII (assimilated to nontronite) are preferentially formed, while FeII-rich trioctaedric serpentines (greenalite, berthierine) are detected only at a temperature of 90°C.These nanometric phyllosilicates have a macroscopic impact on the alteration of nuclear glass. Indeed silicon/iron interactions maintain the alteration of the glass and delay the achievement of the residual rate in its alteration regime.
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Charly Carrière. Influence de la corrosion du fer sur les processus d’altération du verre : approche analytique multi-échelle. Matériaux. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066299⟩. ⟨tel-01717300⟩

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