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Théories de l'évolution et biotechnologies : d'une controverse à l'autre

Abstract : Some biotechnologies are currently socially debated. One may notice that the protagonists of the controversies make regular use of evolutionist warrants concerning very diverse subjects and sometimes in an apparently contradictory way. In order to understand this fact, on the one hand, we analysed controversies relating to preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and GMOs in agriculture on the basis of some essays, review papers and newspaper articles. On the other hand, we studied the history of scientific and non-scientific evolutionist theories. Thus, we established that some essential controversies of evolutionism were repeated into the social controversies about PGD and GMOs and that evolutionism represents a meaningful framework in which new biotechnologies can be collectively debated.
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Submitted on : Monday, February 26, 2018 - 10:49:05 AM
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Gaëlle Le Dref. Théories de l'évolution et biotechnologies : d'une controverse à l'autre. Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. Université de Strasbourg, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017STRAB010⟩. ⟨tel-01717288⟩

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