Inhibition de souches bactériennes par de nouveaux composés photosensibles conjugués à la Polymyxine B

Abstract : Despite advances achieved over the last decade, infections caused by multi-drug resistant bacterial strains are increasingly important societal issues that need to be addressed. New approaches have already been developed in order to overcome this problem. Photodynamic antimicrobial chemotherapy (PACT) could provide an alternative to fight infectious bacteria. Interesting results have been obtained against Gram-positive bacteria, but it also appeared that Gram-negative strains were less sensitive to PACT. Enhanced efficacy against Gram-negative bacteria had been previously obtained following three differents strategies, which are respectively the use of cationic photosensitizers, photosensitizers bound to antimicrobial peptides, or a membrane disrupting agent. Polymyxin B is an antimicrobial peptide, known as the “last-line” treatment against Gram-negative resistant strains, which has already been used as a disrupting agent in order to improve PACT. In addition of this enhancement, this peptide is known for its strong interaction for Gram-negative bacteria. Thus, in this work, we designed differents coumpounds, consisting of a photosensitizer covalently attached to derivatives of polymyxin B, through a spacer or a chemical platform. These combinations have led to the creation of novel compounds which have shown highly photobactericidal activities against a wide spectrum of bacteria. Moreover, these compounds present enhanced affinity for bacteria, which should significantly reduce side effects on mammalian cells. This study confirmed the importance of using antimicrobial in order to target bacterial strains. Thus, such results may allow the creation of novels PACT-based dermatological treatments efficient against a wide spectrum of bacterial strains.
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Florent Le Guern. Inhibition de souches bactériennes par de nouveaux composés photosensibles conjugués à la Polymyxine B. Chimie organique. Université de Limoges, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LIMO0075⟩. ⟨tel-01714999⟩

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