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Evolution of magmatism and metasomatism in magma-poor rifted margin during the initiation of the seafloor spreading : example of the fossil Platta margin (Swiss Alps) and comparison with the present-day Iberia-Newfoundland margin

Abstract : Distal parts of magma-poor rifted margins represent a complex transition between continental and oceanic domains. These areas remain poorly understood while being a key-place to unravel magmatic and metasomatic processes involved during the first stages of oceanization. At this time, these processes are enhanced by mantle exhumation, and the interaction between melts, mantle rocks and fluids affect the thermal regime of the margin. So far, only two Ocean-Continent Transitions (OCT) have been particularly investigated, namely the present-day Iberia Newfoundland conjugate margins and the fossil analog Platta-Tasna nappes, remnants of the Jurassic Alpine-Tethys OCTs. Studies presented in this Ph.D. thesis have been focused on these two margins. Here, by combining field-works, petrological, mineralogical and geochemical investigations, we have unraveled in OCTs three key-points: (i) The deep porous-flow melt percolation impregnating the long-lived inherited subcontinental mantle in Iberia-Newfoundland margins allow the refertilization of these distal domains; (ii) The geochemical transition depicted from OCT-basalts towards MOR-basalts can be explained by the partial melting of the refertilized subcontinental mantle; (iii) The role of active hydrothermal fluids, on both the exhumed mantle and basalt dikes, lead to the serpentinisation and the rodingitization respectively, at temperature ranging between 60°C and 190°C. These temperatures being consistent with the ongoing mantle exhumation towards near-seafloor conditions.
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Méderic Amann. Evolution of magmatism and metasomatism in magma-poor rifted margin during the initiation of the seafloor spreading : example of the fossil Platta margin (Swiss Alps) and comparison with the present-day Iberia-Newfoundland margin. Geochemistry. Université de Strasbourg, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017STRAH014⟩. ⟨tel-01713324⟩

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