Complexes de lanthanide pour la détection d’activité enzymatique par IRM

Abstract : Over the past years, Magnetic Resonance Imaging has found significant applications in the field of molecular imaging, which is a considerable asset for investigating and understanding biological processes. Towards this objective, smart or responsive contrast agents (CA) which are specific of the physiological phenomenon that we aim to visualize (pH, temperature, metal ion concentration, metabolites, etc.) have been widely explored. This thesis focuses on the synthesis and the investigation of novel CAs designed for specific detection of enzyme activities. These CAs consist of a DO3A-type lanthanide chelate coupled via a spacer (e.g. a self-immolative linker) to an enzyme-specific substrate. After cleavage of the substrate by the enzyme, the CA’s chemical structure is modified leading to significant variations in the relaxivity or the paraCEST properties of the complexes. In this context, the physical chemical characterization of several Ln³⁺ and Mn²⁺ complexes has been achieved. Some Gd³⁺ complexes showed promising T1 responses while other paramagnetic Ln³⁺ complexes (Ln³⁺ = other than Gd³⁺) exhibited interesting paraCEST properties for enzymatic detection. The parameters affecting CEST properties (e.g. molecular structure of the complex, choice of lanthanide, etc.) have also been widely investigated. Nevertheless, the enzymatic cleavage of some compounds still need to be improved.
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Sophie Laine. Complexes de lanthanide pour la détection d’activité enzymatique par IRM. Autre. Université d'Orléans, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ORLE2088⟩. ⟨tel-01713103⟩

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