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Electrochemical and photochemical studies of some remarkable ruthenium complexes

Abstract : This thesis is part of the Franco-Kenyan project ELEPHOX (ELEctrochemicaland PHOto Properties of Some Remarkable Ruthenium and Iron CompleXes)project. In particular, it focused on the continuation of the work ofC. Muhavini Wawire, Damien Jouvenot, Fréd erique Loiseau, Pablo Baudin,Sébastien Liatard, Lydia Njenga, Geoffrey Kamau, and Mark E. Casida,“Density-Functional Study of Lumininescence in Polypyridine RutheniumComplexes,” J. Photochem. and Photobiol. A 276, 8 (2014). That paperproposed a luminescence index for estimating whether a ruthenium complexwill luminesce or not. However that paper only tested the theory ona few molecules. In order for the theory to have a significant impact, itmust be tested on many more molecules. Now that the protocol has beenworked out, it was a straightforward but still quite challenging matter todo another 100 or so molecules to prove or disprove the theory. In order todo so, I went through the 98 pages of Table I of A. Juris, V. Balzani, F.Bargelleti, S. Campagna, P. Belser, and A.V. Zelewsky, “Ru(II) polypyridinecomplexes: Photophysics, photochemistry, electrochemistry, and chemiluminescence,”Chem. Rev. 84, 85 (1988) and extracted data suitable for comparingagainst density-functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent (TD-)DFT.Since the results were sufficiently encouraging, the DFT model was examinedin the light of partial density of states ligand field theory (PDOS-LFT) andthe previously proposed luminescence indices were tested. In fact, the originallyproposed indices were not found to be very reliable but we were able topropose a new luminescence index based upon much more data and in analogywith frontier-molecular orbital ideas. Except for a few compounds, this index provides a luminescence index with a good linear correlation with anexperimentally-derived average excited-state activation energy barrier. Futurework should be aimed at both explicit theoretical calculations of thisbarrier for ruthenium complexes and extension of the luminescence indexidea to iridium complexes.
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Denis Magero. Electrochemical and photochemical studies of some remarkable ruthenium complexes. Theoretical and/or physical chemistry. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017GREAV071⟩. ⟨tel-01712697⟩



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