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Synthesis and properties of the Ni-based catalysts for the valorization of ethanol and glycerol via steam reforming reaction for hydrogen production

Abstract : The three catalytic families based on Ni-containing perovskites: massive [LnFe1-x-yNiyMxO3-δ] (Ln=La, Pr; B=Co, Mn, Ru), supported [mLnNi0.9Ru0.1О3/nMg-γ-Al2O3] (Ln = La, Pr) and structured [mLaNi0.9Ru0.1О3/nMg-γ-Al2O3/structured foams] were synthesized, characterized and tested in the reactions of the ethanol and glycerol steam reforming. The effects of the chemical composition and synthesis method on the structural and textural properties, as well as on reducibility of initial samples were evaluated. The preferred use of Pr, Ni and Ru in the catalyst composition was shown for all families. The essential role of the effective γ-Al2O3 support modification with the ≥10 % wt. of Mg introduced by wetness impregnation for the supported catalyst was also proved. Catalysts of the optimal composition providing a high activity in steam reforming of both ethanol and glycerol at T= 650 °С were found: the best massive catalyst based on the PrFe0.6Ni0.3Ru0.1O3 precursor provides high activity for at least 7 hours, which is explained by the ease of their reduction and the oxidation-reduction properties of the praseodymium oxide formed. Supported 10-20% PrNi0.9Ru0.1O3/10-15%Mg-γ-Al2O3 provide the greatest yield of hydrogen (~ 90%) and stability for ~ 20 hours. Structured catalyst based on the metal Ni-Al platelet provides the yield of hydrogen 80-87% in oxy-steam and steam reforming of ethanol in the concentrated mixtures (ethanol concentration of 30%) in a pilot reactor for 40 hours. The results obtained make these structured catalytic systems very promising to use in electrochemical generators based on fuel cells with the use of inexpensive renewable resource – bio-oil.
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Marina Arapova. Synthesis and properties of the Ni-based catalysts for the valorization of ethanol and glycerol via steam reforming reaction for hydrogen production. Catalysis. Université de Strasbourg, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017STRAF031⟩. ⟨tel-01712030⟩

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