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Pouvoir motivationnel des sois possibles et régulation des performances : le rôle de l’équilibre et de l’élaboration

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to study the motivational power of possible selves (PS) and their influence on performance. We will first introduce the concept of PS, suggested by Markus and Nurius (1986), as well as the methods used to measure or manipulate these future-oriented elements of the selfconcept, and existing literature on the variables which may modulate the motivational impact of PS will be presented. Our study is then organized within two programs of research, each one aiming to experimentally investigate an element of PS whose potential influence has not yet received much empirical support. The first four studies seek to highlight the motivational value of balanced PS, the association of a positive and a negative self in the same domain. Despite various attempts to operationalise balanced PS, through the use of an open-ended questionnaire, mental imagery or a daily diary, these studies fail to demonstrate the benefit of this concept and lead to question its very relevance. The last four studies examine the influence of the degree of elaboration of the PS.They aim to separate several confounding variables: the level of detail of a PS, its emotional charge, associated strategies and its level of specificity. Even though some of the results will need to be further explored, an interesting parallel with the research on autobiographical memory is highlighted regarding the effects of specificity. Finally, the limits and applied perspectives of this research are discussed.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 15, 2018 - 3:47:05 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01710093, version 1


Anne-Laure De Place. Pouvoir motivationnel des sois possibles et régulation des performances : le rôle de l’équilibre et de l’élaboration. Psychologie. Université Rennes 2, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018REN20002⟩. ⟨tel-01710093⟩



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