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Méthodes fortement parallèles pour la simulation numérique en mécanique non linéaire des structures

Abstract : This thesis is aimed to contribute to the adoption of virtual testing, an industrial practice still embryonic which consists in optimizing and certifying by numerical simulations the dimensioning of critical industrial structures. The virtual testing will allow colossal savings in the design of mechanical parts and a greater respect for the environment, thanks to optimized designs. In order to achieve this goal, new calculation methods must be implemented, satisfying more requirements concerning safety, respect for hardware architectures, fastness, and compatibility with the time constraints of engineering.We are interested in the parallel resolution of large nonlinear problems by domain decomposition methods. Our goal is to approximate the exact solution by minimizing communication between subdomains. In order to do this, we want to maximize the computations performed independently by subdomain, using nonlinear relocation approaches. We also try to control the convergence criteria of the nested solvers in order to avoid over-resolution and divergences, to improve the construction of conditions Of mixed interface, and non-linearizing the preconditioning step of the solver. The ultimate objective being to deal with problems of industrial complexity, the robustness of the methods we develop will be a constant concern.Conventionally, non-linear problems are solved by constructing a sequence of linear systems that can be solved in parallel using iterative methods, such as Krylov solvers. We wish to question this usual procedure by trying to construct a sequence of small independent nonlinear systems to be solved in parallel. Such a technique involves the use of interleaved iterative solvers, whose convergence criteria must be dynamically tuned in order to avoid both over-resolution and loss of convergence. The robustness of the method can be ensured in particular by the use of well-constructed mixed interface conditions and well-chosen preconditioners;
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 15, 2018 - 12:17:05 PM
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Camille Negrello. Méthodes fortement parallèles pour la simulation numérique en mécanique non linéaire des structures. Mécanique des solides [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLN049⟩. ⟨tel-01709834⟩

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