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Microfluidic magnetic fluidized bed for bioanalytical applications

Abstract : With the use of an external magnetic field and magnetic microbeads, the microfluidic magnetic fluidized bed system enables fluidization phenomena at the microscale. This results in flow-through operations at low driving pressures with intimate liquid/solid contact and a continuous beads recirculation, interesting for efficient biological target preconcentration applications. The physical system has been characterized, showing the importance of chamber angle of aperture and height confinement as well as magnetic field distribution parameters, to obtain fluidization and further enhance mixing and maximize beads density. Further, the potential of the fluidized bed as a platform for analytical bioassays has been successfully explored with a series of biologically relevant applications: (1) the preconcentration of rare Alzheimer’s biomarkers together with their in situ fluorescence labeling for future enhanced detection with hyphenated techniques; (2) the label-free sensitive detection of bacteria in liquid food samples through the specific immunocapture and on-chip culture of these microorganisms and the resulting physical changes induced in the fluidized support; (3) the gene-specific extraction of DNA and its subsequent enzymatic amplification on the surface of the beads, coupled to a microarray detection system for a multiplexed detection of cancer-inducing mutations. These results show that the applications of the magnetic fluidized bed go beyond its initial conception as a dynamical affinity-based concentrator, serving as an efficient platform for molecular biology protocols and even making use of its inherent auto-regulating properties as a detection mechanism.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01708677, version 2

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Iago Pereiro. Microfluidic magnetic fluidized bed for bioanalytical applications. Physics [physics]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PA066089⟩. ⟨tel-01708677v2⟩

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