La Basse-Normandie : terre de l'écologie politique ? Du combat des associations environnementales à l'action des partis écologistes (1968-2012)

Abstract : This monograph which focuses on ecological politics in Basse Normandie from 1968 to 2012, tackles the topic question, the development of the ecological movement, its structure, and finally its electoral representation in this region. In other words, we are going to ask ourselves if the Basse Normandie region, despite its right-wing domination, is a land in favor of political ecology? By the end of the 1960s, Basse Normandie was characterized by the emergence of environmental and ecological associations which were decisive in the development of this movement. Moreover, in a time when a part of the population was challenging authoritarianism, centralism consumer society, Nord Cotentin was the scene of an important antinuclear mobilization which paved the way to political ecology at the regional level. This struggle epitomized the different strands of the movement and the deep differences between its members. Like Alsace, Basse Normandie became a pioneer of political ecology. However, given their deeply-rooted rejection of founding party, ecologists postponed the creation of that structure. After many crises, the movement underwent deep regional changes. Thus, after a few electoral successes, the region Basse Normandie became a land of conquest during the 2000's. Despite their anti-system essence, ecologists professionalized themselves and took part in voting alliance to obtain position of responsibility in spite of their complex relationships with left-wings parties, and more particularly with the Socialist Party, about nuclear power plants implementation in the Manche. However, despite electoral successes in local elections, they failed to build their own political territories.
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Laurent Requet. La Basse-Normandie : terre de l'écologie politique ? Du combat des associations environnementales à l'action des partis écologistes (1968-2012). Histoire. Normandie Université, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMC026⟩. ⟨tel-01708346⟩

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